Neurosurgeon: Exploring the Role & Path to Success in 2024

Healthcare Jobs

A neurosurgeon is a medical doctor who diagnoses and treats conditions affecting the nervous system. They provide surgical and nonsurgical treatments for the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. The demand for neurosurgeons is constantly increasing, making it an attractive career choice.

Jun 15
Dr Raj Patel
Uro-oncologist & Robotic Surgeon, Zydus Cancer Centre, Ahmedabad
Neurosurgeon: Exploring the Role & Path to Success in 2023

To become a neurosurgeon, you must complete a bachelor's degree, followed by medical school, and then a rigorous neurosurgery residency program. Additional fellowship training can further specialize your skills. Strong problem-solving abilities, attention to detail, and excellent hand-eye coordination are essential qualities. Effective communication and continuous learning are crucial for success in this challenging field. 


Ultimately, becoming a neurosurgeon requires dedication, perseverance, and a lifelong commitment to excellence.


What is a Neurosurgeon?

A neurosurgeon, also known as a brain surgeon. So, the neurosurgeon definition is, it is a medical professional specializing in diagnosing and treating issues concerning the brain, neck, and spinal cord. They are highly skilled in performing surgical operations to address conditions like brain cancer, tumors, and spinal disorders. Unlike neurologists who focus on non-surgical treatments, neurosurgeons receive extensive training in surgical interventions.


In addition to their surgical expertise, neurosurgeons collaborate with other healthcare providers, providing consultation on nervous system cases and assisting in evaluating and rehabilitating patients with neurological conditions.


In summary, a neurosurgeon, or brain surgeon, is a highly skilled doctor who performs surgeries and works alongside other specialists to diagnose and treat neurological problems affecting the brain, neck, and spinal cord. It requires years of rigorous training and expertise to become a qualified neurosurgeon.


How to Become a Neurosurgeon?

Becoming a neurosurgeon requires dedication and a structured educational path. Here are the steps to becoming a neurosurgeon:

  1. Complete Secondary Education Candidates must have a 10+2 degree with a minimum score of 55%. They should appear for the Medical Entrance Test, such as NEET, conducted nationwide or by individual states. Clearing this test is crucial to secure admission into a medical college for an MBBS degree. Some institutes may have separate entrance exams like AIIMS, AFMC, GMCH, etc., held annually with limited attempts.
  2. Pursue an MBBS Degree After successfully clearing the medical entrance exam, students can enroll in a four-year MBBS course at recognized colleges. It is essential to complete this undergraduate degree program.
  3. To obtain a Specialization in Neurosurgery Post-MBBS, aspiring neurosurgeons need to pursue a 1–2-year MS degree in Neurosurgery. This specialized training provides in-depth knowledge and skills in the field.
  4. Enroll in a Postgraduate Program Upon completion of the MS degree, candidates can enroll in a Master of Chirurgiae (M. Ch) in Neurosurgery. This postgraduate program lasts for 2-3 years and offers specialized training in neurosurgery to enhance expertise.
  5. Obtain Registration and Seek Employment After completing all the required education and training, aspiring neurosurgeons can register with the appropriate medical board to obtain a license. They can then explore job opportunities in both private and government hospitals, and healthcare centers, or even consider establishing their own neurosurgical centers.


Becoming a neurosurgeon demands dedication, perseverance, and a passion for the field. The neurosurgeon requirements require successfully completing the necessary neurosurgeon education, obtaining specialized training, and obtaining registration to practice. Following these steps will set aspiring candidates on the path to becoming accomplished neurosurgeons


What does a Neurosurgeon do?

Neurosurgeons are specialized medical professionals who diagnose and treat disorders of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. While they are skilled in performing intricate surgeries on the brain and spine, they also explore conservative treatments when appropriate. 

Neurosurgeons are proficient in various surgical techniques, such as open surgery, minimally invasive surgery, and endoscopic surgery. They are trained to interpret diagnostic tests like CT scans, MRI scans, PET scans, MEG, and EEG. 

Additionally, neurosurgeons consult with other doctors, manage diverse cases, and treat conditions like lower back pain, peripheral nervous system disorders, brain tumors, and carpal tunnel syndrome.


Neurosurgeon Job Description

  • Neurosurgeons, as specialized types of surgeons, have a wide range of responsibilities in their job description. 
     They lead and coordinate surgical teams in the operating theater, utilizing microscopes for performing intricate microsurgeries. 
  • They also play a crucial role in ordering, interpreting, and analyzing the results of diagnostic tests such as MRIs, PET scans, and CT scans. Neurosurgeons are responsible for assessing patients, making accurate diagnoses, prescribing appropriate treatments, and closely monitoring patients' progress. 
  • They maintain open communication with patients' families, providing them with regular updates during surgical procedures. 


Neurosurgeons collaborate with other healthcare professionals, including psychiatrists, therapists, neurologists, and various departments. Alongside their clinical duties, they handle unscheduled emergency surgeries and perform basic administrative tasks such as record-keeping, writing prescriptions, and completing paperwork. 


To stay abreast of the latest advancements, neurosurgeons actively participate in academic conferences and continually expand their knowledge. Neurosurgeons also have the opportunity to specialize in various neurosurgery specialties based on their expertise and interests.


Neurosurgeon Salary

Neurosurgery stands as one of the highest-paying professions in the medical field. Specialized neurosurgeons can earn impressive salaries, reaching up to INR 80,000 to 1 lakh per month in government hospitals, depending on their experience. Government institutions often provide additional benefits, including accommodation.


In the private sector, neurosurgeons have the potential to earn even higher incomes, with monthly earnings reaching up to 2 lakhs. For neurological surgeries, they can charge fees ranging from 1 to 2 lakhs per procedure. These figures reflect the financial rewards associated with the demanding and specialized nature of neurosurgery.


Explore detailed neurosurgeon course information and a wide range of job opportunities on




What conditions or diseases do neurosurgeons treat?

Neurosurgeons are specialized in diagnosing and treating various conditions and diseases that affect the nervous system, including brain tumors, spinal cord injuries, stroke, epilepsy, and degenerative spine diseases.


What is the difference between a neurosurgeon and a neurologist?

The main difference between a neurosurgeon and a neurologist is that neurosurgeons are trained to perform surgical interventions for neurological conditions, while neurologists focus on non-surgical treatment and management of neurological disorders.


What are the risks and challenges associated with a career in neurosurgery?

A career in neurosurgery entails risks such as the complexity of delicate surgeries, long working hours, high mental and physical demands, potential radiation exposure, and the weight of making critical decisions that impact patients' lives.


How do neurosurgeons diagnose and evaluate neurological conditions?

Neurosurgeons employ various diagnostic methods such as imaging scans (CT, MRI), neurological exams, and tests like PET scans and EEG to diagnose and evaluate neurological conditions.


How do neurosurgeons stay up-to-date with the latest advancements in their field?

Neurosurgeons stay up-to-date with the latest advancements in their field by attending conferences, participating in research studies, engaging in continuous medical education programs, and actively reading scientific literature and journals.


How long does it take to become a neurosurgeon?

Becoming a neurosurgeon generally requires approximately 16 years of higher education, consisting of four years for a bachelor's degree, followed by four years of medical school, a one-year surgery internship, and a seven-year residency program in neurosurgery.