Which Biotechnology Courses After 12th are Best in (2024)

Healthcare Courses

Biotechnology is a field that focuses on leveraging biological methods to enhance human lives, benefit future generations, and promote health in society.

Jan 19
Dr Disha Patel
Cardiac Anesthesiologist, Shalby Hospital, Ahmedabad
Which Biotechnology Courses After 12th are Best

Pursuing Biotechnology courses after 12th offers diverse career opportunities in research and industry applications.

As molecular and genetics technology is growing, the importance of biotechnology courses attracts students seeking lucrative biotechnology careers and types of biotechnology courses. 

You can explore various course biotechnology related after 12th and after BSc biotechnology courses in this blog.


What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is a branch of Science and Technology, that applies biological principles and technological applications to develop products, technologies, and solutions.

In short, biotechnology definition is defined by its transformative impact on modifying biological systems for the betterment of society.


Biotechnology Courses After 12th

There are many courses available for after 12th students in the biotechnology field. Below are the biotechnology courses after 12th that students can pursue:

Biotechnology Courses After 12thEligibility Criteria
B.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • Minimum of 50% of marks in 12th from a recognized board
  • Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as major subjects
B. Tech in Biotechnology
  • Minimum of 50% of marks
  • Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as major subjects
  • Entrance exams: JEE Main, Advanced, MUOET
B. Tech in Biomedical Engineering
  • Minimum of 50% of marks in 12th from a recognized board
  • Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as major subjects in 12th
  • Entrance exams: VITEEE, JEE Main, Advanced
B. Tech in Food Technology
  • 10 + 2 in the Science stream
  • Minimum of 50% of marks in 12th
  • Entrance exams: JEE Main, Advanced, or university-specified exam
B.Sc. in Bioinformatics
  • A minimum of 50% of marks in 12th
  • 10 + 2 in the Science stream from a recognized board
  • Merit-based admission or Entrance Exam based Admission


Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Biotechnology

The B.Sc. Biotechnology course duration spans three years, equipping students with the skills to harness technology for creating essential products from living organisms. Integrating biology, chemistry, computer applications, and mathematics with practical lab work and research, this undergraduate degree offers a comprehensive approach. 

B.Sc. biotechnology scope includes covering biomolecular and cellular processes, combating rare diseases, and efficient manufacturing, biotech courses after the 12th delve into biophysical chemistry, genetics, molecular biotechnology, DNA typing, and immunology principles. 

B.Sc. Biotechnology Eligibility Criteria: A minimum of 50% marks in 12th with biology, physics, and chemistry as the major subjects

B.Sc. Biotechnology Fees: Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 2,00,000

Entrance exams: LPUNEST and UG OEE. 

Top Colleges/ Institutes: Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, SRM University, and Manipal University.

Job roles: Biotechnology Expert, Laboratory Instructor, Researcher, Biochemist, Professor, Clinical Researcher

Average Salary: Rs 2.5 lakhs to Rs. 5 lakhs per annum. 


B.Tech. in Biotechnology

The B. Tech Biotechnology program tailored for PCB students spans four years, focusing on imparting comprehensive knowledge and fostering technical, professional, and analytical skill sets. 

Combination of technology, research, and development, this undergraduate degree encourages holistic growth in areas like business, management, marketing, programming, and IT. 

Eligibility Criteria: A minimum of 50% marks in 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

Course Fees: Rs. 10,000 - Rs. 7,00,000

Entrance Exams: JEE Main, JEE Advanced, MUOET

Course Subjects: Human Biology, Molecular Genetics, Physical Chemistry, Genomics, Bioinformatics, Cell Biology, Biological Systems

Top Colleges/ Institutes: IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, Thapar University, Patiala, and Manipal University

Job Roles: Pharmacist, Research Scientist, Biotechnologist, Professor, Production Manager, Microbiologist

Average Salary: Rs. 2.5L - 4L per annum, with potential for growth based on experience.


B.Tech. in Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering is a four-year undergraduate program, spanning eight semesters, that blends medical research and engineering principles, serving as a crucial link between the two domains. It incorporates engineering design and technicalities to enhance health maintenance analytics, tracking, and intervention. 

The program, available in various Indian institutes, holds promising prospects for the future. Graduates of such biotech courses after 12th can pursue careers in private sector enterprises, government entities, colleges/universities, pharmaceutical industries, and life sciences firms. 

Eligibility Criteria: A minimum of 50% marks in 12th with physics, chemistry, and biology

Course Fees: Rs. 4,00,000 - Rs. 10,00,000

Entrance Exams: VITEEE, JEE Main, or JEE Advanced. 

Top Colleges/ Institutes: VIT University, IIT Guwahati, and IIT BHU. 

Average Salary: Rs. 2L - 4L, with potential for growth based on experience and industry exposure.


B.Tech. in Food Technology

The Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech) in Food Technology is a comprehensive four-year undergraduate degree that delves into various aspects of food sciences and technology, offering insights into food content, nutrition, microbiology, and sensory aspects. 

Food Technology, as a scientific branch, focuses on the processing and preservation of food ingredients, aiming to develop innovative methodologies for enhancing edibility and resistance to natural toxins. 

Graduates can find employment opportunities in pharmaceutical firms, dairy companies, the FMCG industry, healthcare, and academic and research institutes. 

Eligibility Criteria: 10+2 in science stream and a minimum of 50% marks

Course Fees: Rs. 5,00,000 - Rs.8,00,000
 Entrance Exams: JEE Main or JEE Advanced

Top Colleges/ Institutes: IIT Kharagpur, DY Patil Institute, Navi Mumbai, and NIT Rourkela

Average Salary: Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 per annum


B.Sc. in Bioinformatics

B.Sc. in Bioinformatics is a three-year program that involves the collaborative integration of computer science, engineering, and statistics to analyze biological information. 

Offered by various institutes across India, the course opens avenues for individuals to work in diverse sectors such as diagnostic centers, government hospitals, private hospitals, the pharmaceutical industry, research agencies, and universities/colleges. 

Eligibility Criteria: A minimum of 50% of marks in the 12th science stream from a recognized board, with admission based on merit or a university-specific entrance exam. 

Course Fees: Rs.5,000 - Rs.5,00,000

Top Colleges/ Institutes: GGDSD College Chandigarh, DY Patil Navi Mumbai, and Reva University Bangalore.

Job Roles: Bioinformatics Scientist, Research Scientist, Pharmacogenomics Specialist, Computational Chemist. 

Average Salary: Rs 2,50,000 to 4,00,000 per annum


Biotechnology Course Syllabus

Here are the major subjects covered in the biotechnology course:

BiomathematicsMedical Biotechnology
Structural BiochemistryEnvironmental Biotechnology
MicrobiologyEnzyme Technology
Cell BiologyBiodiversity and Taxonomy
Life ScienceMolecular Genetics
BioinformaticsDevelopmental Biology
NanobiotechnologyBiological Chemistry


Scope of Biotechnology

Upon completing Biotechnology Courses, a variety of job opportunities open up to aspiring students and they can have a successful career scope of biotechnology courses

After attaining a Bachelor's degree, students can explore various postgraduate courses such as MSc Biotechnology, MBA in Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Pharmacology, Nanotechnology, and more.

Those holding a master's in Biotechnology can further their academic journey by pursuing a Ph.D. in Biotechnology.


Job Opportunities after Biotechnology Courses

After pursuing a Biotechnology course students have arrays of job opportunities that will lead them to a successful career. Here are some of the biotechnology jobs they have:

  • Biochemist
  • Lab Technician
  • Research Scientist
  • Biotech Analyst
  • Microbiologist
  • Biostatistician
  • Clinical Research Associate
  • Pharmacist
  • Medical Writer
  • Production Manager


Salary Prospects of Biotechnology Course

Biotechnologists receive an average base salary of Rs.3,00,000 - Rs.4,00,000. Here are their average annual salaries based on experience:

  • Less than 1 year: Rs. 2,00,000 - Rs.3,00,000
  • 1 - 4 years: Rs. 4,00,000 - Rs.5,00,000
  • 5 - 9 years: Rs. 6,00,000 - Rs.7,00,000
  • 10 years and above: Rs.7,00,000 - Rs.8,00,000


Find these Biotechnology courses on Docthub and apply to those courses.




1. What is biotechnology?

Biotechnology is a field that applies biological principles and technological applications to develop products, technologies, and solutions for diverse industries, ranging from medicine and agriculture to environmental management.


2. What is an example of biotechnology?

The creation of insulin, growth hormones, molecular identity and diagnostics, gene therapies, and vaccines like hepatitis B represent notable examples in biotechnology.


3. What are the 5 branches of biotechnology?

The 5 branches of biotechnology are:

  • Human Biotechnology
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Industrial Biotechnology
  • Animal Biotechnology
  • Plant Technology


4. Is biotechnology best for the future?

Yes, biotechnology is considered promising for the future due to its potential to address global challenges in healthcare, agriculture, and the environment.


5. What is the highest salary in biotechnology?

The highest salary in biotechnology is Rs.8,00,000 - Rs.10,00,000 for the job roles of experienced Biomedical Engineer.


6. How has biotechnology helped us?

Biotechnology has contributed to advancements in medicine, agriculture, and industry, improving healthcare, food production, and environmental sustainability.