How to Become a Veterinary Doctor After 12th (2024)

Healthcare Courses

For those passionate about animals, a career in veterinary sciences opens doors to various opportunities. Completing a veterinary doctor course is the first step toward becoming a Veterinary Doctor.

Nov 27
Dr Disha Patel
Cardiac Anesthesiologist, Shalby Hospital, Ahmedabad
How to Become a Veterinary Doctor After 12th

With options available for veterinary doctor courses after 12th, aspiring students can explore fulfilling careers. If you're curious about how to become a veterinary doctor after 10th or how to become a veterinary doctor after 12th without NEET, the veterinary doctor course lays the foundation. In this blog, we will give information on veterinary doctor meaning and how to become a veterinary doctor.


What is a Veterinary Doctor?

A veterinary doctor, also known as a veterinarian or vet surgeon, is a dedicated animal healthcare professional. They play an important role in treating animals, offering specialized care distinct from human medical practices. 

Veterinary doctors are not only pet doctors for domestic animals but also extend their expertise to wild and stray animals. 

Aspiring veterinarians pursue vet science courses to delve into preventing, controlling, diagnosing, and treating diseases in animals. The field covers various aspects, including cattle husbandry, breeding, nutrition, and overall animal well-being. 

Veterinary care, provided by professionals like veterinarians, technicians, and nurses, is essential for both domestic and wild species.


How to Become a Veterinary Doctor?

Becoming a Veterinary Doctor involves several steps to ensure a successful and fulfilling career in animal healthcare:

1  Identifying Skills: To embark on this career path, essential soft skills include

  • Service orientation
  • Critical thinking
  • Mental strength
  • Attention to detail
  • Empathy
  • Communication skills

Hard skills encompass 

  • Diagnostic tests
  • Blood draws
  • MRIs
  • CT scans
  • Ultrasounds
  • Motor function


2. Formal Training/Course: Complete your 10+2 education with Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. Pursue a bachelor's degree like BVSc or BVSc AH, followed by a master's degree (MVSc or MVSc AH).

3. Certification Courses: Consider additional certification courses such as Virtual Work Experience, Antimicrobial Stewardship, EDIVET, or Veterinary Practitioners and the Food Supply Chain to enhance knowledge.

4. Internship: Participate in a compulsory one-year internship during BVSc to gain practical experience.

5. Registration: Apply for a Veterinary Council License to practice in India.

6. Create a Resume: Build a comprehensive resume detailing your education, internships, work experience, and certifications.

7. Begin Your Career: After securing a Veterinary license, explore opportunities in clinics or hospitals, or establish your practice for a rewarding career as a Veterinary Doctor.


Veterinary Courses After 12th

There are numerous courses available in the veterinary science field, including undergraduate courses, certificate courses, and diploma courses.

Veterinary CoursesCourse Duration
Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc)5 Years 6 Months
Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (BVSc and AH)5 Years 6 Months
Diploma in Animal Husbandry3 Years
Master of Veterinary Science (MVSc)2 Years
Master of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (MVSc)2 Years


Veterinary Course Eligibility Criteria

To pursue a veterinary course, students need to fulfill specific eligibility criteria, which may vary based on the country or specific university. The general eligibility criteria for a veterinary course typically include:

  • Educational Qualification: Students must have completed their 10+2 education from a recognized board and Biology, Chemistry, and Physics as their major subjects.
  • Minimum Percentage: Many institutions require students to have a minimum percentage in their 10+2 exams, often ranging from 45% to 50%.
  • Entrance Exams: Admission to veterinary courses often involves clearing specific entrance exams. In India, NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is commonly required.
  • Age Limit: Some institutions may have an age limit to be eligible for admission. 

Aspiring students should carefully check the specific eligibility criteria decided by the institution or university offering the veterinary course they are interested in, as these requirements can vary.


Veterinary Doctor Course Fees

The veterinary doctor course fees typically range from ₹2,000 - ₹2,00,000.


Veterinary Course Admission Process

Admission to veterinary doctor courses after 12th without NEET exam usually follows a merit-based process. Here are the steps of the admission process:

  • Eligibility Check: Students need to verify specific eligibility criteria, varying among institutions. Generally, a minimum of 50% in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in the 12th grade is required. Some colleges may also consider electives like English or mathematics.
  • College Selection: After confirming eligibility, students create a list of colleges offering veterinary courses without the NEET exam.
  • Registration: The application process varies by institution. Students typically fill out an application form and submit academic records, mark sheets, and other necessary documents.
  • Entrance Test: Some colleges conduct entrance tests for non-NEET veterinary programs, assessing students in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and related subjects.
  • Counselling Round: Selected students proceed to the counseling round, where they finalize their admission to the chosen veterinary program.
  • Tuition Fee Payment: The final step involves paying the initial tuition fees after receiving the official admission letter from the college.


Future Scope of Veterinary Courses After 12th

Opportunities for veterinary science graduates extend across various sectors, including collaboration with medical institutions in the public and private domains. Veterinarians find roles in zoos, wildlife sanctuaries, and academia, where teaching opportunities abound. Veterinary clinics catering to farmers are crucial workplaces for these professionals.

Upon completion of veterinary courses, graduates can embark on diverse career paths such as 

  • Animal Doctors
  • Animal Anatomists
  • Veterinary Dentists
  • Staff Veterinarians
  • Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. 

The veterinary doctor salary prospects for graduates range from 3 to 6 lakhs INR per year. Additionally, these insights into veterinary doctor salary per month highlight the financial rewards in this field.


A career in veterinary sciences offers a fulfilling path for those passionate about animals and is providing diverse opportunities for aspiring students where they can apply for veterinary doctor courses at top colleges/ institutes of India.




1. Can I do veterinary without NEET in India?

Yes, you can do veterinary without NEET in India. Veterinary courses such as Bachelor of Veterinary Science, Diploma in Animal Husbandry, and Diploma in Veterinary Pharmacy after the 12th are possible in India without appearing for the NEET exam.


2. Which subject is best for veterinary?

In order to study veterinary, Biology is considered the best subject, providing the foundational knowledge needed to understand and care for the diverse range of animals in the field.


3. What are the career prospects for veterinary doctors in India?

In India, veterinary doctors have diverse career prospects, including roles as animal doctors, anatomists, dentists, staff veterinarians, and veterinary laboratory diagnosticians.


4. What are the personal qualities and skills required to become a veterinary doctor?

To become a veterinary doctor, students need essential qualities and skills, including critical thinking, mental strength, attention to detail, empathy, diagnostic tests, blood draws, etc.


5. How many years is a veterinary course?

Typically undergraduate veterinary course lasts for five and a half years.