What Is an Oncology Nurse? How To Become an Oncology Nurse in 2024?

Healthcare Courses

An oncology nurse is a special kind of nurse who has advanced training and helps patients with cancer or those at risk of getting cancer. These nurses provide both medical care and emotional support, which is very important for people facing serious illnesses. They play a crucial role in giving patients the best care possible and helping them have a good quality of life.

May 31
Dr Raj Patel
Uro-oncologist & Robotic Surgeon, Zydus Cancer Centre, Ahmedabad
What Is an Oncology Nurse? How To Become an Oncology Nurse in 2023?

In this blog, we will give you more information about oncology nurses. You'll learn about their responsibilities, how much they earn, and the steps you can take to become one yourself.


What is Oncology?

To define Oncology, it is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. It involves the study of cancer cells, their growth, and how they affect the body. Oncologists are doctors who specialize in treating cancer, while oncology nurses work closely with them to provide comprehensive care to cancer patients.


What Does an Oncology Nurse Do?

An oncology nurse is a type of registered nurse who takes care of patients with cancer or those at risk of developing cancer. They work alongside doctors and other medical professionals to prevent, diagnose, treat, and manage cancer symptoms. Oncology nurses also provide palliative care, which focuses on relieving pain and improving the quality of life for patients.

In addition to providing medical care, oncology nurses offer emotional support and companionship to their patients. They may educate patients about cancer terms, symptoms, and ways to maintain a healthy lifestyle during treatment.

There are various specializations within oncology nursing, such as

Pediatric Oncology (caring for children with cancer)

Radiation Oncology

Surgical Oncology


Genetic counseling

Hematology (related to blood disorders)


Gynecological Oncology

Bone marrow transplantation

Breast Oncology


Oncology nurses play a vital role in helping patients navigate through their cancer journey, providing both physical and emotional care throughout the process.


How to Become an Oncology Nurse?

To become an oncology nurse, you need to follow these steps:

  • Get a nursing degree or diploma: Start by earning a nursing degree or diploma. You can choose to pursue an associate degree (ADN), a bachelor's degree (BSN), or a nursing diploma. Having a bachelor's degree is increasingly preferred by many employers in the field.
  • Pass the NCLEX and obtain a license: After completing your nursing program, you must take and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) to become a licensed nurse. Remember that each state has its own requirements for licensure, so make sure to fulfill them.
  • Gain experience as a registered nurse: Before specializing in oncology nursing, it is recommended to gain experience as a registered nurse. Typically, working for two to three years in various healthcare settings will provide valuable experience. It is beneficial to work with cancer patients during this time and explore different areas within oncology nursing, like pediatric oncology or surgical oncology, to find your interest.
  • Develop essential skills: Being an oncology nurse requires both medical expertise and emotional intelligence. Focus on improving skills such as communication, empathy, and collaboration. Effective communication and connecting emotionally with patients are crucial. Empathy and compassion allow you to understand and support patients and their loved ones. Collaboration with other healthcare professionals is essential for providing the best care.
  • Consider certification: Although not always required, obtaining certifications in oncology nursing can enhance your specialization and make you more competitive. Organizations like the Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation offer certifications such as Oncology Certified Nurse (OCN) for adult oncology, Certified Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Nurse (CPHON) for pediatric oncology, and others specific to breast care, blood and marrow transplant, and advanced practice roles.


By following these steps, you can become a skilled oncology nurse and make a positive impact on the lives of patients with cancer.

Oncology Nurse Salary

The salary of an oncology nurse can vary based on factors such as experience, geographical location, and work setting. Generally, oncology nurses earn competitive salaries due to the specialized nature of their work. In India, here is a general overview of oncology nurse salaries based on experience levels:


1.   Entry-Level: For nurses who are just starting their career in oncology, the average salary range can be around ₹3,00,000 to ₹4,50,000 per year.

2.   Mid-Level: With a few years of experience in oncology nursing, the average salary range can increase to approximately ₹4,50,000 to ₹6,50,000 per year.

3.   Experienced: Oncology nurses with significant experience and expertise can expect higher salaries. The average salary range for experienced oncology nurses can be around ₹6,50,000 to ₹10,00,000 per year or even higher.


It's important to note that these salary ranges are approximate and can vary based on individual factors and the healthcare facility you work for.


Oncology Nurse Duties and Responsibilities

An oncology nurse performs a range of duties that are common to all nurses, along with responsibilities specific to their specialization in cancer care. Here are some general nursing duties that oncology nurses also handle:

  • Assessing patients: They gather patient information through interviews, observations, and physical examinations to understand their condition and needs.
  • Collaborating with multidisciplinary teams: Oncology nurses work alongside doctors, specialists, and other healthcare professionals to create comprehensive care plans for patients.
  • Executing nursing interventions: They carry out nursing procedures and treatments as part of patient care, including administering medications and therapies.
  • Evaluating patient responses: They monitor and assess how patients are responding to treatments and interventions, making necessary adjustments to their care plans.
  • Educating patients and families: Oncology nurses provide information and guidance to patients and their families about their condition, treatment options, side effects, and self-care practices.
  • Documenting patient care: They maintain accurate and detailed records of assessments, interventions, and patient responses for effective communication and continuity of care.


In addition to these general nursing duties, oncology nurses have specific responsibilities related to cancer care:

  • Performing telephone triage: They assess patients over the phone, providing guidance and determining if immediate medical attention is required.
  • Administering cancer therapies: Oncology nurses administer and monitor cancer treatments like chemotherapy, blood transfusions, and fluid replacement.
  • Assisting with procedures: They support healthcare providers during procedures related to cancer diagnosis, treatment, and supportive care.
  • Managing venous access devices: Oncology nurses assess, access, and maintain central lines or ports used for chemotherapy administration and blood draws.
  • Conducting phlebotomy procedures: They start IV lines and draw blood for diagnostic testing and monitoring.
  • Serving as a resource and educator: Oncology nurses support other nursing staff, sharing their knowledge and participating in educational initiatives related to cancer care.
  • Coordinating patient procedures and therapy: They help schedule and coordinate medical procedures and treatments for patients, ensuring smooth care delivery.
  • Providing support to families: Oncology nurses offer emotional support, referrals to supportive services, and bereavement counseling to patients' families.
  • Participating in research: They may contribute to research studies and clinical trials, facilitating the advancement of cancer care.


By fulfilling these roles, oncology nurses contribute to the comprehensive care and support provided to individuals and families affected by cancer.


Oncology Courses for Nurses

If you are interested in furthering your knowledge and skills in oncology nursing, there are various courses and educational opportunities available.

In conclusion, oncology nursing is a rewarding and specialized field that requires compassion, knowledge, and dedication. By becoming an oncology nurse, you can make a significant difference in the lives of cancer patients and their families.


Apply for Oncology Nurse jobs on Docthub.com.

Get admission in Oncology Nurse Courses from Docthub.com.




What is the role of an oncology nurse?

The role of an oncology nurse is to provide comprehensive care, including medical treatment, emotional support, education, and coordination of care, to patients with cancer and their families.


What is the qualification for oncology nursing?

The qualification for oncology nursing typically includes obtaining a nursing degree or diploma, passing the national licensing examination (such as the NCLEX), gaining experience as a registered nurse, and pursuing specialized training and certifications in oncology nursing.


What is the highest salary for an oncology nurse?

The highest salary of an oncology nurse can be around ₹6,50,000 to ₹10,00,000 per year or even higher.


What is an oncology nurse?

An oncology nurse is a registered nurse (RN) with advanced training who specializes in working with patients who have cancer and those at risk of developing cancer.


Can I become an oncology nurse?

Yes, you can become an oncology nurse, you must first become a registered nurse. Once you've achieved this, you can advance your career through training, education, experience, and various certifications.


Can I do BSc in oncology?

There are various courses offered in this field, but very few at the undergraduate level. Among these is the BSc (Honours) in Radiotherapy and Oncology.