What are the steps to become a doctor after 12th in 2024?

Career Journey

The medical profession is highly respected and considered one of the noblest in the world. Doctors are often seen as god-like due to their ability to heal sick people through their medical knowledge and expertise. However, to become a doctor, one must undergo extensive training and education.

Apr 27
Dr Mohit Changani
AGM Medical Services at Cadila Pharmaceuticals
What are the steps to become a doctor after 12th in 2023

The medical profession requires dedication, commitment, and a solid educational background. The journey to becoming a doctor is long and challenging, but the rewards of being able to help others are immeasurable.

If you dream of becoming a doctor, this blog is for you! It provides information on how to pursue a career in medicine


Roles and Responsibility of a Doctor

Doctors are licensed medical professionals who provide healthcare and related services. They may specialize in specific fields or work as general practitioners. Doctors work independently or in institutions such as hospitals, emergency rooms, and labs. Their responsibilities include:

  • Listening to and analyzing patients' concerns, including their symptoms and medical history.
  • Making a diagnosis based on the patient's symptoms and physical examinations.
  • Prescribing medications and suggesting a treatment plan to cure the patient's condition.
  • Educating patients about their illness, including its causes and prevention.
  • Monitoring the patient's progress and making any necessary adjustments to their treatment plan.
  • Collaborating with other healthcare professionals to provide the best possible care to the patient.

Becoming a doctor requires extensive education and training, as doctors play a crucial role in maintaining the health and well-being of their patients.



There are many specializations that students can choose from to become a doctor. Some of the most popular specializations are:

  • Dermatology: specializing in diagnosing and treating skin, hair, and nail conditions.
  • Dentistry focuses on oral health and provides treatments such as fillings, root canals, and extractions.
  • Gynecology: specializing in the health and wellness of the female reproductive system.
  • Anesthesiology: providing anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures.
  • Pathology: diagnosing diseases by analyzing bodily fluids and tissues.
  • General Medicine: providing primary healthcare services and treating common illnesses.
  • Research: researching various medical topics to advance medical knowledge and technology.
  • Radiology: using imaging technologies like X-rays and MRI scans to diagnose and treat medical conditions.
  • Neurology: specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the nervous system.
  • Surgery: performing surgical procedures to treat injuries and diseases.
  • Nutrition: providing advice on healthy eating and creating meal plans to help people manage their health.
  • Forensic Medicine: working with law enforcement agencies to determine the cause of death in criminal cases.
  • Pediatrics: specializing in the healthcare needs of children, from infancy to adolescence.

Each specialization requires extensive training and education to become an expert in that field of medicine.


A step-by-step guide: How to become a doctor after 12th?

Becoming a doctor is a highly rewarding career but requires a lot of hard work and dedication. Here are the steps to follow to achieve your goal of becoming a doctor.


1. Choose the Science Stream in High School

To become a doctor, you need to start by choosing the science stream in high school. You should focus on subjects such as chemistry, biology, and physics to build a basic understanding of science subjects. Maintaining a good academic record is also essential to fulfill the minimum eligibility criteria for a degree in medicine.


2. Go for a Degree in Medicine

The next step is to pursue a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree, which is an undergraduate course of 5 and a half years. You need to clear entrance exams such as NEET, AIIMS, or JIPMER MBBS to be eligible for admission. The program provides training in medical procedures, surgery, and other necessary skills that a doctor should possess. An internship or training 12 months in a hospital is mandatory.


3. Get Registered as a Doctor

After completing your MBBS degree and internship, you need to get registered with the Indian Medical Register to be eligible to practice as a doctor. Foreign medical graduates need to appear for the Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (FMGE) conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) to get certified as a doctor under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.


4. Join a Hospital or Practice Independently

After getting registered as a doctor, you can either join a hospital as a doctor or specialist or start your clinic to treat patients.


To get more information about other medical courses, visit Docthub.com.



1. Which medical course is best after the 12th?

There are several medical courses to choose from after the 12th, including MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BHMS, and BPT, among others, depending on one's interests and career goals. It is best to research and consult with professionals to determine which course is the best fit for individual needs.


2. Can I do any medical course without NEET?

No, in India, NEET is the mandatory entrance exam for admission to most medical courses, including MBBS, BDS, and several other allied medical courses.


3. Which medical course is best without NEET?

Several medical courses can be pursued without NEET, such as Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Laboratory Technology, Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Medical Imaging Technology, Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT), Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT), and Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Nursing.


4. What is the best course for medical?

The best course for medical depends on individual interests and career goals. Some popular courses include MBBS, BAMS, BHMS, and BUMS.


5. What is the fastest medical course?

There is no "fastest" medical course as becoming a doctor typically requires several years of education and training.