Top 5 Most Competitive Specialties After MBBS in 2024

Healthcare Courses

Choosing a specialization or pg courses after MBBS degree is a crucial decision that greatly impacts your future medical career.

Jul 13
Dr Disha Patel
Cardiac Anesthesiologist, Shalby Hospital, Ahmedabad
Top 5 Most Competitive Specialties After MBBS

In this blog, we will explore the top five best specializations after MBBS in India in 2023. Additionally, the blog will cover the PG courses available after MBBS, the best specialization options in India, and the number of years required to complete these specializations.


Specializing in a specific field after MBBS opens up various opportunities for professional growth and development. Every specialization mentioned presents distinct challenges and rewards of its own.



It concentrates on diagnosing and treating different conditions related to the skin, hair, and nails. There is currently a high demand for Dermatologists because of an increased focus on skincare. Typically, a dermatology specialization takes around 3 to 5 years to complete. Dermatologists have the option to work in private clinics or hospitals, and they have a promising earning potential.



It is a medical specialty that uses imaging techniques to diagnose and treat diseases, making it a fulfilling career choice. Radiologists play a crucial role in diagnosing different medical conditions using X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs. Radiologists have various employment opportunities such as working in hospitals, and diagnostic centers, or even exploring academic and research avenues.


Internal Medicine

It also referred to as general medicine, is a medical field that concentrates on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in adults. Internal medicine provides a broad understanding of the human body and covers a wide range of medical conditions. Those specializing in internal medicine can work in hospitals, and clinics, or opt to pursue subspecialties like cardiology or gastroenterology.



It is one of the best-earning branch after MBBS and specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. With the growing occurrence of orthopedic conditions and injuries, the demand for orthopedic specialists has increased significantly. Orthopedic specialists have the option to work in hospitals, orthopedic centers, or even establish their private practices.



This medical specialty focuses on providing healthcare to infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatricians diagnose and treat various illnesses that affect children and also provide preventive care. Pediatricians can work in hospitals, and clinics, or choose to specialize further in areas like pediatric cardiology or pediatric oncology.



These medical specialties provide excellent career opportunities in the field of medicine. 


To lead a rewarding and financially satisfying career in these postgraduate specialties apply in these courses on




1. What are the least competitive medical specialties?

Some of the medical specialties that are considered to be less competitive include family medicine, psychiatry, and physical medicine and rehabilitation.


2. Which medical specialty has the best quality of life?

The specialty of dermatology is often considered to have a good quality of life for physicians, with a balanced work schedule, fewer emergencies, and opportunities for both clinical and cosmetic practice.


3. Which residency earns the most?

Specialties such as neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, and radiology are known to have some of the highest earning potential among medical residencies.


4. Which doctor specialty has the shortest residency?

Among doctor specialties, family medicine has one of the shortest residency durations, typically lasting three years.


5. What is the safest medical specialty?

It is difficult to determine a single medical specialty as the "safest" since patient safety is a priority in all specialties. However, fields like pathology and psychiatry are considered to have lower rates of patient harm incidents compared to high-intensity surgical specialties.