Pathology Lab Technician Course: Fees, Salary, Scope, Jobs

Healthcare Courses

A pathology lab technician plays a crucial role in healthcare by conducting tests and analyzing samples to help doctors diagnose and treat illnesses accurately. Training and education are essential for pathology technicians to acquire the necessary skills.

Apr 1
Dr Dhaval Kotadiya
Medical Administrator, BT Savani Kidney Hospital, Rajkot
Pathology Lab Technician Course

In this blog, you will get information on different pathology lab technician courses, different pathology courses after 12th, fees of this course, future scope after pursuing this course of pathology, and pathology lab technician salary.

What is a Pathology Lab Technician?

A pathology lab technician assists pathologists by performing various tasks in the pathological lab. They prepare samples, record lab results, and use lab equipment to examine samples. These technicians require specific training and education to develop the necessary skills.

Additionally, pathology technicians help set up the laboratory, process, and research samples, and ensure the lab is clean and samples are properly stored.

Pathology Lab Technician Courses After 12th

After completing the 12th grade, individuals can pursue pathology lab technician courses at both the diploma and undergraduate levels. Below are some of the pathology lab technician courses along with their durations, overview, eligibility criteria, and fee structure, providing options for those interested students in pathology courses after 12th.

Course NameFee Structure
B.Sc. Medical Lab Technology₹10,000 - ₹4L per annum
Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT)₹20,000 - ₹3L per annum
Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT)₹20,000 - ₹2L per annum


B.Sc. Medical Lab Technology

BSc Medical Lab Technology is an undergraduate program for those interested in paramedical and allied medicine fields. After completion, students play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating patients by collecting and analyzing blood and fluid samples to detect diseases.

B.Sc. MLT Eligibility Criteria: Students must complete the 12th standard with a minimum of 50% marks in the Science stream.

B.Sc. MLT Course Duration: 3 years

B.Sc. MLT Course Syllabus: The syllabus of B.Sc MLT includes subjects that provide students with theoretical knowledge alongside practical experience:

First Year B.Sc. MLT Syllabus

Fundamentals of Medical Laboratory TechnologyFundamentals of Medical Laboratory Technology & Biomedical Techniques
Human Anatomy-IHuman Anatomy-II
Pharmacology TheoryBio-Medical Waste Management
Human Physiology-IHuman Physiology-II
BiochemistryGeneral Microbiology and Immunology Theory


Second Year B.Sc. MLT Syllabus

General HematologyPathology-II
Pathology-IHispotapathology & Histotechniques-II
Parasitology and EntomologySystemic Bacteriology, Virology and Mycology
General BacteriologyStudy Tour
Histopathology & HistotechniquesEnvironmental Sciences


Third Year B.Sc. MLT Syllabus

ParasitologyCytogenetics & Tissue Culture
Immunohematology & Blood BankingDiagnostic Molecular Biology
Preventive and Social MedicineAdvanced Diagnostic Techniques
Basic Tissue PathologyClinical Endocrinology & Toxicology
Diagnostic CytologyInternship


B.Sc. MLT Future Scope: After completing the course, students have many opportunities in private and public sectors, particularly in medical and clinical laboratories. 

Overall, BSc MLT offers a promising career path for those interested in healthcare diagnostics.

Bachelor’s in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT)

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is an undergraduate program providing comprehensive training in laboratory diagnostic procedures. The course involves analyzing medical specimens to diagnose diseases.

BMLT Eligibility Criteria: Eligibility requires completion of 10+2 with PCB subjects and students must be at least 17 years old. 

BMLT Course Duration: 3 years

BMLT Course Syllabus: The syllabus for the Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is as below:


BMLT First Year Syllabus

General Plan of the Body and TerminologyEndocrine System
Nervous SystemGenitourinary System
Cardiovascular SystemMusculoskeletal System
Respiratory SystemSpecial Senses
Digestive System-


BMLT Second Year Syllabus

Introduction to ImmunohematologyProtein-Energy Malfunction
Introduction and History of PathologyMechanism of Coagulation
General Features of Acute and Chronic InflammationHemoglobin
Tissue Renewal and Repair-
Complete Blood Count-


BMLT Third-Year Syllabus

Staining of CarbohydratesAutoimmune Disorders
Other Blood Group Systems Demonstration of Nucleic Acid
Blood BankingApheresis 
Demonstration of Minerals and Pigments Transfusion Transmissible Infectious Disease Screen 
ImmunohistochemistryBlood Components and Preparation


BMLT Future Scope: Upon graduation, students can pursue roles like Medical Laboratory Technologist and Research Assistant. BMLT offers diverse career opportunities in medical laboratories, hospitals, and research institutions, making it an ideal choice for those interested in allied healthcare professions.

Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technician

Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT Course) is a diploma program that involves training in clinical laboratory tests for disease diagnosis, prevention, and treatment, offering specializations like Microbiology and Clinical Chemistry.

DMLT Eligibility Criteria: Eligibility requires completion of Class 12 in the Science stream with PCB subjects.

DMLT Course Duration: 2 years

DMLT Course Syllabus: Below are the subjects covered in each semester for the DMLT course.


DMLT First Year Syllabus

Human AnatomyHuman Pathology
Basic Human ScienceFundamentals of Biochemistry
Basics of Clinical BiochemistryBasic Pathology
Fundamentals of MLTMicrobial Instrumentation
English CommunicationCommunity Development
Professional ActivitiesInformation and Communication Technology


DMLT Second Year Syllabus

Clinical HematologyHistopathological Techniques
Human PhysiologyClinical Microbiology
Metabolic and Technical BiochemistryClinical Biochemistry
Technical MicrobiologyClinical Pathology
Community Development ActivitiesPathology Lab


DMLT Future Scope: Upon graduation, job options include Health Care Assistant, Laboratory Analyst, Research Assistant, and Medical Technician.

DMLT graduates play a crucial role in healthcare, contributing to disease diagnosis and patient care.

Future Scope of Pathology Lab Technician Course

There is an increasing demand for pathology lab technologists worldwide. The global need for skilled and licensed workers in the medical sector, particularly in pathology laboratories, is significant. 

After completing lab technician courses after 12th, students can pursue pathology lab technician courses from top colleges in India, capitalizing on the growing demand for pathology lab technician vacancies and professional jobs in pathology laboratories

A diploma student can earn an initial salary ranging between ₹1,50,000 and ₹1,80,000 per annum, while those with a bachelor’s degree in pathology lab technician salary is anywhere from ₹2,50,000 to ₹3,50,000 annually, with higher experience and practical skills.


You can find pathology lab technician courses on Docthub.



1. What is a pathology lab technician?

A pathology lab technician is a healthcare professional responsible for performing various laboratory tests and analyses to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

2. What qualifications are required to enroll in a pathology lab technician course?

To enroll in a pathology lab technician course, students typically need a minimum qualification of completion of 12th standard with major subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

3. How long does it take to complete a pathology lab technician course?

The duration to complete a pathology lab technician course typically ranges from 1 to 3 years, depending on the level of certification or degree pursued.

4. What are the career prospects for graduates of pathology lab technician courses?

Graduates of pathology lab technician courses can pursue careers in various healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, research laboratories, and diagnostic centers, where they perform vital roles in conducting laboratory tests to aid in disease diagnosis and patient care.

5. Are there any certifications or licenses required to work as a pathology lab technician?

To work as a pathology lab technician, students typically need a pathology degree accredited by the Medical Council of India (MCI) and a "license to practice" from the MCI, along with either a diploma or bachelor's degree in medical lab technology, as per the requirement for setting up a pathology lab.