Medical Laboratory Technician : Admission, Courses, Fees, Colleges, Eligibility & Career

Healthcare Courses

Medical laboratory technology is the science that deals with using clinical laboratory tests to prevent, diagnose, and cure various diseases. During this course, the students learn about human physiology, anatomy, biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, clinical hematology, immunology, serology, and bio-medical waste management.

Feb 2
Deesha Vyas
Executive Recruiter
Medical Laboratory Technician

Medical laboratory technology is the science that deals with using clinical laboratory tests to prevent, diagnose, and cure various diseases. The analysis of bodily fluids is part of this. Medical Laboratory Technologists use laboratory equipment to prepare slides of human tissues and other specimens for analysis. These professionals can also perform blood tests and blood typing. They execute complicated procedures and tests to assist other healthcare professionals in detecting, diagnosing, and treating diseases in patients. Medical Laboratory Technology students learn about human physiology, anatomy, biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, clinical hematology, immunology, serology, and bio-medical waste management, among other things. 


Advantages of pursuing Medical Laboratory Technician

Medical lab technicians/technologists usually collaborate with other healthcare professionals, such as physicians, surgeons, nurses, dentists, and pharmacists, and play an important role in evaluating, monitoring, and assessing a patient's health status, keeping doctors and others informed so that a course of treatment can be devised and appropriate care arrangements can be planned for the patient. Allied healthcare professionals are critical to the healthcare system, and demand for them is growing all the time.


Eligibility Criteria to get admission in Medical Laboratory Technology

To work as a medical lab technologist, you must first enroll in an MLT course, a Diploma/Advanced Diploma in MLT (also known as DMLT and DMLT), or a B. Sc. MLT (i.e. Bachelor of Medical Lab Technology or BMLT) course at a college or university.


  • DMLT is a one-year curriculum with a five-month internship component.
  • ADMLT is a two-year curriculum with a six-month internship component.
  • BMLT is typically a three-year program with a six-month to a year-long internship.


The generic criteria required to be eligible for this course is a minimum of 50% marks in 12th class with biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics as their main subjects. Although it is important to know that the minimum eligibility score can vary from college to college. It is also important to note that some institutes conduct their entrance examinations.


Entrance Examination required for Medical Laboratory Technology

JEE Mains - JEE stands for Joint Entrance Examination in its entire form. It is a twice-yearly national level admission examination administered by the National Testing Agency (NTA). The exam lasts 3 hours or 180 minutes, and each correct answer is worth +4 points, while incorrect answers are for -1 points.

JEE Advanced – It is said to be one of the toughest tests to pass. Students are admitted to top institutes such as IITs, NITs, IIITs, and others based on their performance in JEE Advanced. Candidates get three hours to answer all of the questions.

JUNE- JNUNEE stands for Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination which is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA). Candidates will be admitted to various UG and PG degrees based on the results of this exam. To be admitted to the various courses offered by JNU, you must pass the JNUEE.

AIIMS Paramedical: AIIMS Paramedical entrance exam is directed by the All-Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate paramedical courses in AIIMS colleges.

BCECE Paramedical- Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board (BCECEB) is conducted every year for admissions in various professional courses of Medical, Engineering, and Agricultural streams in the Institutions of the state of Bihar.


Employment opportunities for a medical laboratory technician:

  • A medical laboratory technician can find a job at:
  • Diagnostic labs
  • Clinics or nursing homes
  • Government and private medical colleges and universities
  • Hospitals
  • Serology
  • Drug Efficacy Testing
  • Phlebotomy
  • Cytotechnology (the study of human tissue)
  • Blood Banking
  • Coagulation
  • Urine Analysis
  • Clinical chemistry


Career Options & Scope after MLT

  • CT Scan Technicians
  • Anesthesia Technicians
  • MRI Technicians
  • X-Ray Technicians/ X-Ray Technologists
  • Operation Theater Technicians
  • Pathology Technicians
  • Orthopedic Technicians/ Plaster Technicians
  • Optical Laboratory Technician
  • Dental Machine Technician
  • Medical Record Technician


Salary & Demand for MLT

Once you are a trained MLT, you stand to get a fair-paying job in any hospital or laboratory. You can also earn as a freelancer or set up your lab. The earning potential increases with experience in the field.


Salary RangeINR 1.17 LPA to INR 5.5 LPA
Minimum SalaryINR 1.17 LPA
Average/ Median SalaryINR 2.4 LPA
Highest SalaryINR 5.5 LPA


  • To pursue this course, a student needs to spend 3 to 4 lakhs.
  • Students have to spend approxly 1 year to prepare for the MLT entrance test. While some countries require medical laboratory technicians to be licensed to work in healthcare setups, only some states in India require you to register at the paramedical council of India in order to be eligible for a job or your private practice as a medical laboratory technician. Most jobs require a training certificate and an internship experience at a reputed hospital.


Best Colleges for MLT in India (link from Docthub Courses- institutes)

  • Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana
  • Indian Institute of Health Education and Research, Patna
  • Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry
  • Geetanjali Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur
  • Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai
  • Meenakshi Medical College Hospital and Research Institute
  • JNU Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center
  • Chirayu Medical College and Hospital, Bhopal
  • Singhania University, Faculty of Medical Science, Pacheri Bari
  • UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Center, Ahmedabad
  • Apollo Paramedical College, Mancherial
  • BM Birla Heart Research Center
  • Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Subharti Medical College, Meerut


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