MBBS - Admission, Courses, Syllabus, Eligibility, Exams & Career

Healthcare Courses

MBBS is a medical graduation degree commonly practiced in India. The eligibility criteria for MBBS include 12th science with Biology, Physics, and Chemistry as major subjects. To get admission the students need to appear for a NEET-UG examination, conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) every year.

Jan 28
Dr. Sandip Patel
Founder & CEO, Docthub.com

The full form of the MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is a medical graduation degree commonly practiced in India. The eligibility criteria for this course include 12th science with Biology, Physics, and Chemistry as major subjects. The students need to appear for the NEET-UG examination, conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) every year, usually in April or May. The admission process is centralized by the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC). It is a very lengthy course that requires a lot of patience and ability. It is considered one of the most courageous and humble professions of a medical professional. This program covers several aspects of medicine and human anatomy, allowing learners to learn how to diagnose and treat certain ailments. It also covers a variety of medical specialties which allows students to have a thorough understanding of their chosen field. 


Advantages of MBBS:

If you are fascinated with how the human body functions, then MBBS is the course for you. Your medical studies will also help you gain a better grasp of the inner workings of the kidneys, lungs, human brain, and every other cog that keeps the body running smoothly. The safety that this job offers is unlike any other profession. Doctors have high salaries with immense amounts of job stability. One of the advantages of starting a medical science degree is that you are not restricted to your home country. There are numerous study alternatives available all across the world. 


  • Total 554 Medical Colleges in India. 
  • Total MBBS seats are 83075 (as per the year 2020). 
  • Government MBBS Colleges are 285, out of which 10 are managed by Government societies. 
  • Government institutes' total seats are 43235. 
  • Private MBBS colleges are 269, which have a total seat of 39840 (as per the year 2020) 


Eligibility criteria: 


Minimum 50% marks in Theory and Practical of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology subjects. (40% if the candidate belongs to a reserved category) 

The age of the candidate should be between 17 years to 25 years. 

In the year 2016, the Supreme Court of India had declared that state or university-level tests for admission to MBBS and BDS programs are illegal. 

To secure an admission in the MBBS course, along with an aggregate score of 50% in any higher secondary boards, students are also expected to appear for the National Level Examination conducted by the CBSE, New Delhi i.e., NEET. 


Entrance Exam:


For MBBS admission: NEET UG exam pattern is a paper-based 180 multiple choice questions of Physics (45 MCQs), Chemistry (45 MCQs) & Biology (90 MCQs). It includes the syllabus of class 11th and 12th in different languages, where candidates are required to choose ONE LANGUAGE. 


List of Documents required for MCC or State Counselling Online Registration form: 


  1. Exam mark sheets of 10th,12th, and NEET UG 
  2. For the State Counselling process, the State Domicile certificate 
  3. Proof of Date of Birth: Birth Certificate/ School Leaving Certificate/ Passport 
  4. Caste Certificate, if applicable, for SEBC/ SC/ ST category 
  5. Non-Creamy layer Certificate for SEBC 
  6. Economic Weaker Section (EWS) certificate, if applicable in your state, issued by state authority only. 
  7. Local Quota Certificate, required when appearing for admission in Government Allied/ Municipal Corporation institutes. 
  8. Physical Handicap (PH) certificate, should be issued by District Civil Surgeon 
  9. Also visit the state medical counselling authority website to get more information and clarity in different required documents, submission deadlines, and verification processes. 


Subjects in MBBS & Curriculum:


MBBS curriculum lasts for 5 years 6 months where 4.5 years of study and 1 year of internship. However, in light of the government's recent announcement regarding the duration, the course will now be completed in 7.5 years instead. This is due to the addition of two years to the course, as well as an extra year for the internship and a year in the field. 


This is how the subjects are segregated study year wise: 


First Year: Fundamentals of Human Anatomy, Biology, Physiology, Histology, and more 

Second Year: Pharmacology, Pathology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine, Immunity, Hematology, and more 

Third Year: Variations of Pathology, Neoplasia, Epidemiology of communicable/non-communicable diseases, reproductive and child health, etc. 

Fourth Year: Types of Diseases, Immune System, Oncology, Emergency Medicine, Organ Donation, and more. 

Fifth Year: Nervous System, Kidney Disease, Environmental Disorders, Critical Care, and more. 


Job Scope after MBBS:


Candidates with an MBBS degree can work in both the public and private sectors. There are plenty of career opportunities for these specialists in biomedical firms, medical centers, healthcare institutions, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centers, and private practice. MBBS is a medical degree that allows graduates to prescribe medicines on their own, although most candidates opt to pursue a master's degree in this field to become well-known doctors. With the rise and commercialization of the healthcare industry, MBBS students seem to have a variety of career options. 


Career Options after MBBS:


  • Doctor of Medicine (MD) courses 
  • Master of Surgery (MS) courses 
  • Diplomate of National Board (DNB) courses 
  • PG Diploma in different specialties; e.g., DCH, DGO, D. Ortho., DOMS 
  • College of Physicians & Surgeons (CPS) courses 
  • Fellowships in subspecialties; e.g., CTCCM, PGDDM 


Types of Specializations after MBBS:


*Please note that there are even more varied options of specializations available after MBBS 

List of top medical colleges in India:


  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi 
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune 
  • Madras Medical College, Chennai 
  • Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore 
  • Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow 
  • Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai 
  • SMS Medical College, Jaipur 
  • King George's Medical University, Lucknow 
  • St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore 
  • Grant Medical College, Mumbai 
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry 
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi 
  • JSS Medical College, Mysuru 
  • Singhania University, Jhunjhunu 
  • Sharda University, Greater Noida


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