Gynecologist Course After 12th: Gynecologist Course Details

Healthcare Courses

Gynecology is a medicine branch that focuses on women's reproductive health and encompasses both medical and surgical fields. They diagnose, treat, and prevent infections and disorders related to female reproductive organs.

Apr 1
Dr Mohit Changani
AGM Medical Services at Cadila Pharmaceuticals
Gynecologist Course Details


For those interested in pursuing a career in gynecology after completing GNM or 12th grade, understanding the steps to become a gynecologist in India is crucial.

Aspiring gynecologists in India can get information on how to become one, including gynecologist courses after 12th, gynecologist course details, how to become a gynecologist in India, qualifications, gynecologist course fees, gynecologist course duration, and salary prospects in this blog.


What does a Gynecologist do?

Gynecologists provide reproductive and sexual healthcare services to women such as pap tests, pelvic examinations, and the diagnosis and management of vaginal infections. 

Some gynecologists specialize further as obstetricians, providing prenatal and delivery care, and are referred to as OB-GYNs or Obstetrician-Gynecologists.


Roles & Responsibilities of Gynecologist

The roles and responsibilities of a Gynecologist are as below:

  • Diagnosis and Treatment: Assess and treat various conditions concerning the female reproductive system.
  • Routine Examinations: Conduct regular pelvic exams, pap smears, and breast examinations for disease screening.
  • Pregnancy Care: Provide comprehensive prenatal care to expectant mothers, ensuring maternal and fetal well-being.
  • Labor and Delivery: Manage labor and delivery processes, ensuring safe childbirth experiences.
  • Surgical Procedures: Perform surgical interventions like hysterectomies and cesarean sections when necessary.
  • Counseling and Education: Offer guidance on contraception, family planning, and menopause management.
  • Reproductive Health: Address issues such as infertility and hormonal imbalances to promote reproductive health.
  • Collaboration: Work closely with other healthcare professionals to provide multidisciplinary care.
  • Research and Innovation: Stay updated on the latest advancements and engage in research to improve patient care.
  • Advocacy: Advocate for women's health issues and ensure access to reproductive healthcare services.


Skills Required to Become a Gynecologist

  • Strong interpersonal skills and effective communication
  • Expertise in medical procedures like Biopsy, Ultrasounds, and Pap smears
  • Ability to design personalized treatment plans
  • Proficiency in using medical equipment
  • Excellent diagnostic and decision-making skills
  • Emotional resilience and ability to work under pressure
  • Physical endurance and manual dexterity for surgery
  • Gender sensitivity and compassion towards patients
  • Strong work ethic and time management abilities


Why study Gyenolcoigst Course?

Gynecology is a highly sought-after career in medicine, primarily chosen by women due to its focus on the female reproductive system. However, it's also a rewarding profession for male candidates. 

While the number of male gynecologists is declining, there's a growing demand for female gynecologists as women often feel more comfortable with them. This career offers fulfilling opportunities for female candidates interested in women's health.

Ultimately, pursuing a gynecologist course depends on your interest and passion for studying women's health.


Gynecologist Course Eligibility Criteria

To pursue a career as a Gynecologist in India, certain qualifications are necessary:

  • Complete 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects.
  • Pass the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) and secure admission to an Indian medical school for the MBBS program.
  • Complete the 4.5-year MBBS program followed by a one-year internship.
  • Further specialize by completing either a 3-year MD (Doctor of Medicine) or MS (Master of Surgery) in Gynecology and Obstetrics.
  • Additional certifications can be pursued as needed to enhance expertise in specific areas of gynecology.


How to become a Gynecologist?

Here are some of the steps to become a gynecologist in India:

  1. Complete your senior secondary education with Biology as the main subject, scoring at least 50% in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English to be eligible for the NEET-UG entrance exam.
  2. Prepare for the NEET-UG exam for various undergraduate medical programs, including MBBS.
  3. Upon clearing NEET-UG, undergo counseling and secure admission to a medical college for the MBBS program, a prerequisite for pursuing gynecology.
  4. Complete your MBBS degree along with a one-year rotational internship for practical training and gaining exposure to various medical specialties.
  5. Choose obstetrics and gynecology as your area of specialization for postgraduate studies.
  6. Clear the NEET-PG entrance exam for admission to MD/MS programs in Obstetrics and Gynecology during counseling.
  7. Complete the three-year master's program, including a dissertation and junior residency, while actively participating in clinical activities and academic events.
  8. Obtain medical certification and licensure to practice as an OBGYN specialist after completing the residency program.
  9. Consider pursuing advanced courses or super specialty programs like DM, DrNB, MCh, or DNB to further enhance your expertise in gynecology.


Career Scope of Gynecologist

Gynecology offers one of the most lucrative career paths in the medical field, with ample employment opportunities in clinics, hospitals, research institutions, IVF centers, and more. 

As an OB-GYN, professionals enjoy high respect and recognition, with opportunities extending beyond India to global demand. 

Both private and government hospitals seek skilled gynecologists due to the increasing awareness of pregnancy and women's health, leading to a broadened scope and continuous demand for their expertise throughout various stages of reproductive health care.


Career Opportunities after Completing Gynecologist Course

Completing a gynecologist course opens doors to various career paths in the medical field, including roles such as 

  • General Practitioners
  • Gynecologists
  • Lecturers
  • Clinical Associates, and more

Professionals can also specialize in areas like Gynecologic Oncology, Critical Care, and Reproductive Medicine. 

Opportunities exist in 

  • Private Practice
  • Government Hospitals
  • Nursing Homes
  • IVF Centers
  • Research Institutes

offering rewarding compensation and prospects for further education and research.


Salary Prospects of Gynecologists

Gynecology is a highly lucrative and demanding career in the medical field. The salary of a gynecologist in India varies based on factors such as experience, specialization, and sector (government or private). 

Experience LevelAverage Salary 
Entry-Level (Fresher)₹4L - ₹5L per annum
Experienced₹25L - ₹30L per annum
Specialised OB-GYNsUp to ₹5L per annum


Additionally, earnings can increase with qualifications, experience, and the number of surgeries performed.



1. How to become a gynecologist in India after 12th?

To become a gynecologist in India after the 12th, the student must complete a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree, followed by a postgraduate specialization in obstetrics and gynecology (MD/MS).

2. How many years to become a gynecologist in India?

It typically takes around 9 to 10 years to become a gynecologist in India.


3. What is a gynecologist?

A gynecologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the female reproductive system.

4. What subjects are required to pursue a gynecology course after 12th grade?

To pursue a gynecologist course after 12th standard, a student typically needs to have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as their major subjects.

5. What are the career prospects for gynecologists?

The career prospects for gynecologists include opportunities in hospitals, private practices, research institutions, IVF centers, and academia.